Attitudes Toward Creativity in Artificial Intelligences: Interactions Between Humans and Artificial Intelligences
Sponsor: Jacqueline Muir-Broaddus
Research into human-computer interactions has shown that we respond to computers in fundamentally social ways, such as being polite to them or being affected by their presence in a similar way as the presence of another person. It has been demonstrated that as computers become better equipped to handle many different tasks as well as become more and more human-like, users will like the computers more. However, several researchers have suggested that if and when computers advance too much, then users will, in fact, dislike them. Indeed, a computer program has been written that can compose original music in the styles of composers the user selects for it, but listeners have indicated dislike for the music this program creates after they are informed that it was composed by a computer program. This anecdotal evidence supports several researchers’ suggestions that users will dislike computers that display very human-like characteristics such as emotions and creativity. Therefore, it is suggested that this anecdotal evidence be replicated experimentally. The purpose of this experiment is to test the hypothesis that people will favor music when they believe it was composed by a human rather than by a computer program. Participants will listen to samples of classical or classically inspired music; some participants will be told it was composed by a person and others will be told it was composed by a machine. They will then complete a questionnaire about the music samples, assessing their attitudes and opinions of that music. Specifically, it is predicted that college students will indicate that they like the music more and also judge it as being more creative if they believe it was composed by a human.