Active / Passive

 

ACTIVE
PASSIVE
"active" < ago, agere, egi, actum, do, act "passive" < patior, pati, passus sum endure, "suffer," bear
"agent" < ago [present active participle base "agent-"], "one who acts" "patient" < patior [present active participle base "patient-"], "one who 'suffers'"
  Active Passive
subject performer recipient
obj./predicate recipient performer

 

 

ablative of personal agent: a / ab + abl.

  1. object of a / ab refers to person or people
  2. verb is passive

ablative of means or instrument: abl. (no prep.), with active or passive verb

 

(Wheelock pp. 372-373)

8. Tyrannus hanc urbem delebat.

9. Haec urbs a tyranno delebatur; insidiis delebitur.

10. Ab amicis movebatur; consiliis eorum movebatur.

11. Viribus hominum non delemur, sed possumus insidiis deleri.